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Archive for the ‘PST’ Category

When the Ontario government repealed the Retail Sales Tax (RST) in favour of the new Harmonized Sales Tax (HST), it transferred audit and collection activities to the Canada Revenue Agency.  Unfortunately, that doesn’t mean Ontario restaurants can forget about the old RST!

Ontario is still responsible for auditing the old RST for periods up to June 30, 2010.  Under the Statute of Limitations, Ontario has up to four years to audit the RST.  Actually, they can go back more than four years, if they can show fraud or misrepresentation or if they obtain a waiver from the taxpayer.

Many of these Ontario auditors will be transferring to the CRA in 2012.  So, they are racing to complete audits of most Ontario RST vendors.  This is especially true for Ontario restaurants, which have always been a target of the Ministry of Revenue.

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We all know that some amount of alcohol will be pilfered.  Don’t you love that word?  Pilfered.  Sounds like a mere pittance.  It is anything but.  As a rule of thumb, the cost of the theft will be about three times the cost of the alcohol that is, ah, pilfered.

If you’ve been following recent posts on my sister blog, Canadian Restaurateur, you may have noticed a theme. Theft.  All restaurateurs know that theft is a significant issue that requires our constant vigilance.  The cost of the stolen product is bad enough, but if you also have to pay tax (plus penalties and interest) on the retail value of the stolen product,  it becomes a huge issue.  Everyone knows it isn’t right that a restaurateur should have to pay tax “as if” the stolen alcohol had been sold. Unfortunately, that isn’t the way it works in most tax jurisdictions.

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Recently, the Canadian Restaurant and Foodservices Association (CRFA) published three calculators to help restaurateurs determine the effect on the new HST, effective July 1, 2010, on their prices.  The calculators cover wine, spirits and beer.  I’ve included the links, below.  You can read more and find a discussion on their use and potential effects on your menu pricing in July, here.

Wine Calculator

Spirits Calculator

Beer Calculator

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Despite what has been published in the press and disclosed by the CRA and the Ministry of Revenue Quebec (MRQ), the use of zappers has not reached epidemic proportions in the restaurant industry.  Zappers have been around since the mid-1990s, though most of the usage seems to have been confined to Quebec.  In fact, the vast majority of the convictions for sales tax evasion have occurred in Quebec.  For background on the use and abuse of zappers, please read this, this, and this.  The unfortunate thing about all of this attention is that it may draw our attention away from a far larger threat to our operations.  The indirect audit approach.

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This post concerns the use of zappers in restaurant operations.  It is not a “how to” guide in their “proper” use, nor is it, in any way, an endorsement of their use.  In fact, if you are even thinking of employing a zapper to fill your pockets with cash stop and read this post.  It is not worth the risk.  You will get caught, eventually, and here’s why.

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Recently, we’ve begun to hear a lot more about tax evasion in the restaurant industry.  More specifically, we’re talking about technologically-assisted tax fraud, using zappers or phantom-ware.  It made the news, again this past week, when it was disclosed that the Canada Revenue Agency had found more than $40M of unreported tax in the restaurant industry attributed to the use of zappers.  Today’s post looks at the issue of tax fraud in the restaurant industry and tries to determine how “rampant” it might be.

While tax fraud can occur in many different ways, when we talk about the restaurant industry, it usually takes the form of cash sales “skimmed” off and not reported for tax purposes.

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I don’t want to scare you, but I feel it is my duty as a fellow restaurateur and as an accountant.  After reading this headline, many of you will think this blog entry is going to be about the economy and how it will affect your restaurant business.  As for the economy, I think the worst is behind us, but there is another threat to your business that is going to be a lot worse in the next few years.  Let me explain…

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